This is the English summary of the report “Mental well-being, mental distress and mental disorders among children and young adults”. The report compiles knowledge about the meaning of different terms, how prevalence of mental disorder is measured and how the prevalence of these has changed over time.
The mental health of young people has received considerable attention over recent decades. In high-income countries in 2019, the single problem that contributed most to the burden of disease in the under-20 age group was mental disorders. Nevertheless, there remains uncertainty about the terminology in this field, how the various terms are used, how to measure mental health, and how prevalence fluctuates over time and what national measurements are available in Sweden. Has there been an increase and, if so, in what exactly?
This report compiles knowledge about the meaning of different terms, how prevalence of mental disorder requiring treatment, mental distress and mental well-being is measured and how the prevalence of these has changed over time in the age group 0–30 years. Comparison of different metrics can also increase understanding of, for example, care needs.